Medresa the door sovereign name Ali Ben Youssef (reg. 1448-1458), who served as head of Marinids while they are kept in power in Morocco during the mid-fifteenth century.
The new Medrasa was built on the same site as early mérinide probably Medrasa commanded by Ali Ben Youssef, and therefore the Medrasa Saadi takes its name of institution it was built to replace it. The “current Medrasa Ali Ben Youssef is one of the few notable Moroccan Medrasa built after the fall of the Merinids in 1465, this dynasty built almost all survivors Medrasa architectural interest in the region. The impression of “Ali ben Youssef current Medrasa is almost a perfect square, 42 meters long and wide in the plan.
The madrasa was founded in Marinid era in the 14th century and rebuilt by Canadians in the 16th century, which has expanded to become the largest madrassa in Morocco in a deliberate attempt to snub the imams of Fes (the land of spiritual Heartland ). The madrassa closed as a school in 1960 and, after restoration, 1982.Situé opened in the heart of the old Medina of the red city, this gem of Moorish architecture was, for more than four centuries, a shelter for students in the thirst for knowledge in various sciences, including théologie.îuvre Saadian Sultan Abdellah Al Ghalib, this building is characterized by its diversity of scenery and colors it an original architectural work. Indeed, it is all the image of decorative themes of marocain.Véritable art reflects the magnificence of Moroccan art, the Ben Youssef Madrasa draws its strength from an architecture of great consistency, as well as the diversity of Materials used in the construction of this monument, one of the most visited of the city of Seven Saints.Ainsi, cedar wood from the Atlas is everywhere. If adopted in the sumptuous domes of the hall and the prayer room, the ceilings in the hallways and in friezes and canopies to coastal marble courtyard, sent from Italy, was also used to decorate the madrasa. Plaster, when with him, occupies the preferred place in the decoration of the building. Indeed, large panels of sculpted plaster cover the facades of the patio and the hall prière.Le zellige various colors and geometric shapes and different techniques dresses down the walls and pillars.
Medersa Ben Yousssef is organized around a central courtyard square, with the center a rectangular pool with two fountains in bronze. This courtyard is surrounded by two Riwaqs that are supported by large pillars through wooden lintels cèdre.Autour of the court orders the rectangular prayer hall also based on four marble columns. The Madrasa is equipped with 132 rooms on the ground floor and upstairs and arranged behind couloirs.Elle is also provided with an ablutions hall square arranged around a covered wearing basin Muqarras a dome. A series of latrines borders three sides of the room ablution.La Medersa was restored a first time in 1950. At the end of 1960, the disused Madrasa was closed to the faithful and the public. It is only since 1982 that the restoration work allowed the travelers to experience this masterpiece of art marocain.En July 1999, the Ministry of Culture has entrusted the Foundation Omar Benjelloun, by convention, restoration and management of the monument, according to observers, needs to be better promoted and operated inter alia on tourist plans and culturels.Pour Jamal Aboulhouda Abdelmounim, inspector of historic monuments and archaeological sites in the region of Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz, the Medersa Ben Yousssef is one of the most important historical monuments in Morocco in general and Marrakech in particular. This Madrasa, one of the largest of its kind in Morocco and North Africa with an area of 1,670 m2, is experiencing a great influx from the Moroccan and foreign visitors, he has historically ajouté.D’un This Koranic school was named after the sultan Ali ibn Yusuf .